Posts Tagged ‘good’
When most people speak of “blended learning”, they might actually be thinking about blended instruction. (Here are some considerations of blending that focuses on learning.)
There are many ways to blend instruction. Some might involve the modes (off and online), the content (seamless multidisciplinary content), and the pedagogy (direct instruction with x-based learning).
Most would justify blending based on the best possible outcomes. For example, in the case of blended modes, being face-to-face affords immediacy in social learning while still being able to leverage on timely resources online.
Not many might point out the worst of blending, particularly blended instruction. For example, someone might blend boring didactic teaching with YouTube recordings of irrelevant content.
Blending the teaching or learning processes does not necessarily lead to better outcomes. The contextual design of blending is critical. Online strategies and tools might not work as well in a low bandwidth environment, language might be a barrier in one context, and pedagogical expectations might be different in another. Here are examples of each.
When I lead talks, I find out how comfortable my participants are with going online with their phones. Depending on the country, venue, and people, I might resort to low bandwidth texting-like activities and think-pair-share instead of challenging them to watch and recommend YouTube videos.
I have conducted a variety of workshops for equally varied groups. When English is not the common language, I rely on activities and succinct pitstops to get the messages through. When I am with a group more familiar with training instead of teaching, I need not worry about much pedagogical baggage from my learners.
Bloggers, Pinterest boards, and tweets might declare blended learning to be engaging. They might be referring to blended teaching instead. Such an experience is not automatically engaging, and if blending is left only with the one who is teaching, is certainly not empowering.
I love this video of congressman John Lewis sharing his thoughts on what it meant to get into “good trouble”. This is the sort of trouble that sparks change.
According to Lewis, good trouble was necessary because got in the way of the status quo and prevented it from continuing as it did before.
Lewis did this during the Civil Rights movement in the US, and he and other congressmen staged a sit-in in US Congress about guns in a response to a spate of shootings.
My wife and I had the privilege of meeting him when I was doing a project in the USA in 2003. One of the few records I have is photos I took during the meeting and book signing.
You might not have heard of Lewis even if you are in the US. Lewis has found a way to reach a new generation — graphic novels. That is what the latter half of the video is about. How do you reach a group that might not relate to the message. According to Lewis: Be plain, be clear, and be real.
Not everyone gets to meet a leader and living icon of such a significant moment in history. They do not have to. They need only live and pass on the message of getting into good forms of trouble. That is an plain, clear, and real as anyone can do.
Yesterday I rambled on why too much of a good thing is bad. Today I reflect on why too little of a good thing is also bad.
Unlike mine, Steve Wheeler’s blog is always a quality read. That is why it is one of my must-have RSS feeds.
Using RSS is a bit old school. So is taking the trouble to comment on a blog entry.
Wheeler recently shared the number of views and comments his top five blog entries of 2014 generated.
I calculated the percentage of commenters over viewers to illustrate how rarely people bother to comment or reply.
- No. 1: Learning first, technology second, 22 comments, 8602 views (0.26% comments)
- No. 2: Flipping the teacher, 16 comments, 6082 views (0.26% comments)
- No. 3: Education, schooling and the digital age, 07 comments, 5872 views (0.12% comments)
- No. 4: Watch and learn, 00 comments, 5688 views (0% comments)
- No. 5: Vygotsky, Piaget and YouTube, 20 comments, 5586 views (0.36% comments)
Perhaps a decade ago, an edublogger might be fortunate to get one out of a hundred readers to say something. Now an edublogger with a large following might settle for one in a thousand.
A few caveats to the numbers.
- The number of comments might include Wheeler’s own replies, so the number of commenters might actually be lower.
- The low percentages are also exacerbated by the high number of views. If the top post garnered 860 views (one-tenth of the actual readership), the percentage would shoot up to 2.6%.
- Comments and conversations on the blog entries on other channels (Twitter, Facebook, email, etc.) might not have been included.
This illustration is with just one anecdotal case. But I think I have selected a good example of the phenomenon I am highlighting.
This is not a slight on Wheeler not drawing comments because most edubloggers do not write specifically for views or comments. They share because they care.
This is about readers and lurkers who do not give back by critiquing ideas. This is about taking ideas and running away with them without saying thank you. This is about a culture of mute consumerism.
Too little of good things like online civility, connections, and content co-creation are bad. So here is another thought: How well do cyber “wellness” programmes address that?
If you buy five small items from a pastry shop in a local mall or heartlands shop, you are likely to carry them off in six plastic bags. Each item will be in its own bag and all five will be in a larger one.
This example sounded familiar to me because I wrote about this in 1999 when I used to maintain my own website. Back then I asked myself, tongue firmly in cheek:
Why did each pastry need its own plastic bag? Were they “psychologically insecure” so that they need their own space? Was there some “racial” hatred among buns?
I noticed our insecure bun phenomenon almost 16 years ago. Why is our wasteful plastic bag legacy so hard to get rid of? The simple answer is that we have collectively enabled it.
Take another example.
In a letter to the ST forum, the co-founder of the Keep Singapore Clean Movement described how appalled he was with the state of littering post New Year’s Day parties despite the provision of 400 rubbish bins. Hundreds of workers had to clean up after party revellers. It reinforced the fact that we are not a naturally clean city but a cleaned one.
He compared Taipei with us:
- Taipei: Three million residents, 5,000 cleaners
- Singapore: Five million residents, 70,000 cleaners
A Singapore task force visiting Taipei found the Taiwanese city to be cleaner than ours. Why? In Taipei, people learn to pick up after themselves. In Singapore, we learn that someone else will clean up after us.
Back to bagging things.
According to this ST article, a cotton-based recyclable bag must be used at least 11 times to have a lower carbon footprint than the normal plastic bags liberally provided at grocery stores. The problem was that we receive too many recyclable bags. We do not use them as often as they should be used, or worse, dispose of them.
Providing so many rubbish bins or recyclable bags so that it is convenient for us has made us lazy. What should be a scaffold to promote good behaviour has become a crutch.
Look at how the authorities here encourage mixed recycling because they have statistics that show that if they insist on separated recycling, they do not meet KPIs. But they forget that doing this enables laziness: People do not learn to take the trouble to clean and then separate recyclables.
Recycling is as much an attitude as it is a habit. There is no point encouraging the habit by making it convenient, but forgetting about the long term value system of recycling and an equally long term education programme.
Such a programme may take more time and effort. It is also more painful to all stakeholders, but it can be very effective.
The world marvelled when Japanese fans cleaned up after themselves during the World Cup in Brazil. More recently, the Myanmar football fans did the same after a match in Singapore. Such behaviour is learnt and eventually embedded.
When I lived in Arizona, I had to pay for a rubbish collection fee and a recycling bin fee. If I did not recycle, I still had to pay for the latter fee. I was more conscious of what I threw away and what I recycled as a result.
Too much of a good thing is bad when a scaffold, no matter how well-intentioned, becomes a crutch. The better thing to do is to educate and change mindsets even though this is more painful and takes a long time.
The best thing to do is not wait for someone else to run a change programme. I teach my son how to recycle. I refuse multiple bags at pastry shops even though this confuses the aunties who bag the buns. I do these things because enduring processes start one person at a time.
Turn on your TV, read a newspaper, and fire up your online feeds. What do you get by way of news? Typically misery, calamity, and the world going to hell.
It is no secret that news media (old and new) know that bad news sells. But this misshapes the perception of our world.
There is still good in this world.
You do not have to look to a leader, policymaker, or politician to do good. Quite the opposite actually. Everyday people do good deeds every day.
How many of us take the time to thank these people? Probably not a lot, but here is an exception.
We have much to be thankful for, no matter what the mainstream media tells us. But do not take it from me. Consider what one of the most famous astronauts in recent history, Chris Hadfield, had to say about the global efforts and changes for good.
I do not make resolutions because they are often too ideal and vague. But here is a promise I make to myself: To do what good I can in the arena of education and to thank my peers for their good work.
I am good to go.
I was a judge at a recent three-day educational startup event in Singapore. This was my first experience with startups of this nature.
Here are some of my observations.
The most wonderful thing about the event was how it brought passionate people with interesting ideas out of the educational woodwork. There is much potential good in a ground-up effort for people to spot gaps and suggest solutions to address problems they take ownership of.
A possibly bad thing is people who participate for the wrong reasons, e.g., self-promotion, sole goal of financial gain, perpetuating irrelevant ideas.
An ugly thing is people who promise one thing only to switch course and deliver something else.
The bad and ugly aspects are a result of “gut feels” and projections. I could see these things happening from a judge’s the point of view.
As the only representative from education on the judging panel, I was not terribly surprised, but still alarmed, by how much importance teams and the other judges placed on the business side of plans.
Such things are important for startups, but these are just the brick and mortar of a building. These buildings need to be built on a foundation of long term social improvement in the areas of schooling and education.
If the business aspects are the alphabet and words, then the guiding philosophy and underpinning pedagogy are the rules and themes of the overall story.
When I listened to the stories each group told, I did not look for the good, the bad, and the ugly. They announced themselves quite loudly.
The inaugural educational startup event was a wonderful first step forward. I hope that the organizers and participants reflect on the stories that played out so that they can plan for the next chapter.