Another dot in the blogosphere?

Algorithmic bias

Posted on: September 1, 2020

It is a long time before I need to facilitate a course on future edtech again, but I am already curating resources.

Video source

As peripheral as the video above might seem, it is relevant to the topic of algorithms and artificial intelligence (AI).

The Jolly duo discovered how YouTube algorithms were biased against comments written in Korean even though that was the language of a primary audience. Why? YouTube wanted to see if it could artificially drive English-speakers there instead of allowing what was already happening organically.

Algorithms and AI drive edtech and both are designed by people. Imperfect and biased people. Similar biases exist in schooling and education. One need only recall the algorithms that caused chaos for major exams in July for the international baccalaureate (IB) and August for the General Certificate Exams in the UK. Students received lower than expected results and this disproportionately affected already disadvantaged students.

Students taking my course do not have to design algorithms or AI since that is just one topic of many that we explore. The topic evolves so rapidly that it is pointless to go in depth. However, an evergreen aspect is human design and co-evolution of such technology in education.

We shape our tools and then our tools shape us. -- Marshall McLuhan

Marshall McLuhan’s principle applies in this case. We cannot blindly accept that technology is by itself disruptive or transformative. We create these technologies, the demand for them, and the expectations of their use.

A small and select groups have the know-how to create the technology. They create to the demand by convincing administrators and policymakers who do not necessarily know any better. Since those gatekeepers are not alert, we need new expectations — we must know, know better, and do better. All this starts with knowing what algorithmic bias looks like and what it can do.

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